Sanitation and Exasperation

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Nicolas Mouy

Municipal Engineer: - environment (sanitation, waste management), - public policy and management


Born in France, Nicolas Mouy holds a Degree in Urban Engineering from ‘Ecole des Ingénieurs de la Ville de Paris’. He has managed various municipal services such as refuse collection, public park maintenance, sanitation in Paris. He also worked several years in Asia in the water and sanitation field and led an urban rehabilitation project funded by the European Community.
He holds a Master’s Degree in Public Policy and Management at ‘Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées’, Paris.


An engineer is a fellow who can do for a dollar what any damn fool can do for two dollars.

Municipal engineering

Living in towns requires various networks: water supply and sanitation, garbage collection, heat and power supplies, transport, communication systems... Municipal engineers conceive, install and manage those infrastructures. But first and foremost, they have to adapt and combine to all urban techniques a specific place, in order to bring the best service to its inhabitants.


I used to manage various municipal services such as refuse collection, public park maintenance, sanitation, public transport. Environmental contingencies connected to urban management requires everytime to take in account local constraints and the specific needs of inhabitants.


Phnom Penh - Cambodia

I was lucky enough to work with Cambodians technicians to tackle Phnom Penh problems from year 1995 to 1997 and from year 2000 to 2001. Several books gives an idea of the adventure, published by APUR, you can find them following this link : .

Water management was key to Phnom Penh construction and remains a huge stake today. Understanding the place of water in the city brings an unusual view of the Khmer capital. A specific page gives some clues to the matter .

Vientiane - Lao PDR

I contributed to the design of cooperation project between Vientiane, Paris and Bruxelles. The implementation of the program from 2001 to 2003 has represented an opportunity for technicians from the three cities to work together on various subjects : public transportation, water and sanitation or urban planning. You can find a complete description of the project here :

This capital, as Phnom Penh, is located on the Mekong. It's a medium size city. As Vientiane is surrounded by ricefield, city extension requires drainage. This website propose a description of the sewage network.

Naga - Philippines

Administration of Naga City regularly receives international prize for its management. When it sends a request of cooperation to Paris, in the field of garbage collection and treatment, it was logically received with great interest. We set up an improvement plan, but due to several constraints, it has not been implemented. If you want further information, please contact me.


Ecole des Ingénieurs de la Ville de ParisCreated in 1959, EIVP trains engineers able to design and implement urban strategies. Then, the school answered the new developmental constraints Paris and other cities had to face.

The engineers-to-be are trained to implement urban engineering techniques, take advantage of field experiences and practices.
Project management is a key part of the studies, and is used as a tool to put together the different urban techniques.

Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées The Ecole des ponts is one of the world’s oldest engineering institutes. It has been training the elite of French engineers for over two centuries. In the last decades, it has developed beyond its more traditional fields and into an international institution, adapting to the changing demands of the modern world.

The Corps of Engineers of Ponts et Chaussées (Bridges and Roads) was created in 1716. A decree issued by the Royal Council in 1747 entrusting Jean-Rodolphe Perronet with the task of setting up a training programme specific to state engineers is regarded as the act which led to the founding of the School. The School of Jean-Rodolphe Perronet From its fondation in 1747 to 1794, the School essentially bore the stamp of one man, its director, Jean-Rodolphe Perronet, engineer, administrator, and man of learning whose name is associated with the Encyclopedia of d'Alembert and Diderot.


The MAP is a high-level training programme in the conduct and assessment of public action.

Opened to all civil servants, it is divided between one semester of courses in economic and social sciences, interspersed with weeks that open onto society and its issues (globalisation, European integration, decentralisation, reform of the State, sustainable development); and a period alternating between a mission in a State agency, within a regional or local government or any agency charged with public service, and seminars on methodology or practice.